If you have followed the recent push to legalize marijuana and the corresponding wave of media coverage, you might be familiar with cannabidiol, otherwise known as CBD. Various studies cite the medical benefits of CBD, although the number of scientifically rigorous studies is significantly lacking due to tremendous restrictions placed on researching marijuana. Suffice to say, CBD has permeated the consciousness of mainstream America (e.g. it’s now an Amazon product). However, all CBD is not created equal.
There are three categories of CBD: single molecule CBD, hemp-sourced CBD, and CBD sourced from the full flower.
Difference between single molecule CBD, hemp-sourced CBD, & full flower CBD?
Single Molecule CBD is exactly what it sounds like. It is CBD extracted from any source to its purest form. 100% CBD and nothing else.
Hemp-sourced CBD is CBD extracted from hemp. By definition, hemp is a fiber-rich subspecies of the Cannabis sativa (i.e. marijuana) plant grown for its fiber, oil, or seeds — which can be used to produce a variety of products including rope, cloth, paper, and food.
Hemp lacks the cannabinoid-rich flowers which contain THC and an extensive list of other important and potentially therapeutic cannabinoids. Indeed, hemp’s low-THC content is the main draw for companies needing CBD to sell their CBD products on Amazon. Although the yield of CBD and other cannabinoids from hemp is much lower than the yield from full flower CBD, it is also much cheaper to get hemp-sourced CBD (and it’s more ‘legal’). Hold this thought for a moment; we’ll come back to it.
Full flower CBD refers to CBD from a flowering, resin-secreting marijuana plant. While CBD exists in all marijuana plants to some degree, there are CBD-rich strains of the plant that yield high percentages (10%-20%) of CBD and the other cannabinoids which are ideal for medicinal CBD products. The THC level of these CBD-rich strains can be low, as low as 1%, which is unlikely to get you ‘high.’ However, this is still above the legal THC limit of federally ‘legal’ industrial hemp.
CBD is legal, right?
Contrary to popular belief, CBD is actually still not federally legal in the United States, in any form, including CBD extracted from hemp. The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 still applies. Any component of a marijuana plant (including CBD) is still listed as a Schedule I drug. Here it is on the DEA website under code 7372.
Despite ongoing efforts to legalize CBD for medical use, at the federal level, nothing has changed. Why else would these new federal bills have language such as, “to exclude cannabidiol and cannabidiol-rich plants from the definition of marijuana”?
This underscores the significance of the 2016 elections which can halt or propel the current medical marijuana movement. Some candidates have already drawn a line in the sand, but that’s a story for another day.
Wait, why aren’t people being prosecuted?
While there has been a defacto moratorium on medical marijuana prosecutions for some time, nothing was official. However, just this year, Congress finally passed three amendments to stop the DEA from undermining state marijuana laws.
OK, if CBD is only legal state-by-state, then how are manufacturers allowed to sell CBD online?
This is where it gets pretty dicey. Essentially, CBD manufacturers are operating in a classic example of a grey area.
Many hemp CBD supporters are relying upon the court decision, Hemp Industry Assoc. v. DEA, to support their position that hemp-sourced CBD is federally legal, but that is simply wrong. That ruling protected the hemp industry against prosecution from newly created DEA regulations regarding hemp seed and food products, not hemp-derived cannabinoids.
The ruling protected the legal import and domestic sale of hemp seed oil and hemp seed food as long as the THC content stayed below 0.3%. Hemp seed oil or simply ‘hemp oil’ is used mainly for body care products. CBD companies are marketing their hemp CBD oil as a ‘hemp oil’ supplement.
These same hemp CBD proponents also cite the Agricultural Act of 2014 as proof that the federal ban on growing industrial hemp has been lifted, but the provision only applies to states that have legalized manufacturing industrial hemp — and then, only for those using this hemp for research purposes only. This means commercial hemp can only be imported from sources over which the government has no oversight.
The bottom line is that relaxed enforcement on medical marijuana, and, particularly, CBD, has allowed for misinformation surrounding the discussion of CBD and CBD products without any clarity from regulatory bodies.
Is the federal government regulating the sale of CBD in any way?
No, which is kind of scary for anyone consuming these products. This is a market where any product can be sold, even if it has not been tested, even if it contains potentially harmful toxins, and even if the claims of the producer are deceptive.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has taken some action with respect to deceptive trade practices, though, by issuing warning letters to CBD companies about false advertising and duplicitous marketing claims. They also found CBD companies claiming their products contained CBD when, in fact, they contained very little CBD.
Essentially, the FDA is treating CBD like supplements for now.
What is the best source of CBD? Hemp-sourced or full flower CBD?
These are actually tricky questions, because we aren’t entirely sure yet. The evidence we have, however, is compelling. Studies suggest CBD works together with THC and other cannabinoids in what is widely known as the ‘entourage’ effect. The ‘entourage’ effect basically means that the cannabinoids in marijuana work together to produce an effect greater than or more potent than the sum of their parts. It is possible that neither single molecule CBD nor hemp-sourced CBD are as effective as full flower CBD with its rich array of cannabinoids, terpenes, and terpenoids.
If you have time, check out this great in-depth National Geographic article on the past and present of marijuana. The pioneers of research in marijuana, and the leading source of studies on marijuana come from Israel, unsurprisingly, due to low restrictions on researching marijuana.
For more on whether more THC and other cannabinoids could be helpful, check out this trail-blazing study. Basically, the study concludes that using single-molecule CBD resulted in a bell-shaped dose response; once the amount of CBD exceeded a certain level, the response level / therapeutic effects declined dramatically.
SINGLE MOLECULE CBD (sample illustration of a bell-shaped dose response)
Compare this to the plant-extracted or full flower CBD in their study, which revealed a direct correlation: the more full flower CBD applied, the higher the response level / the more therapeutic effects observed.
FULL FLOWER CBD (sample illustration of a direct correlation dose response)
Here is another study alluding to the entourage effect. The highlights: “Multiple mechanisms involved .. in the therapeutic potential of cannabidiol.” Later in the study the author states “the mechanisms responsible for its therapeutic potential are still not clear,”Translation: something with many moving parts is successfully working, but we can’t quite put our finger on it.
Studies show promise for CBD from full flower extractions, but more verification is needed. Unfortunately, the US government has been slow in sanctioning such marijuana research. Of the federal funds allocated from 2008-2014, $1.1 billion was directed toward researching abuse and addiction. By comparison, a relatively small portion ($0.3 billion) was allocated to researching the benefits of medical marijuana.
Where can potential patients go to learn more about CBD?
Right now, the only resources they have are the Internet and word-of-mouth referrals. They must painstakingly piece together all the information themselves and come to their own conclusions. Unfortunately, most people can’t or won’t do so, which leads to a wide range of experiences from mostly innocuous to horrible. Each negative experience leads to further stigmatization and misunderstanding.
What can we do to change current attitudes about Cannabis and CBD Oil?
Ultimately, more research is required to understand marijuana and all derivatives of the plant. We need rigorous scientific studies to show us how all the cannabinoids and compounds within work, both individualistically and synergistically. From there we can make sensible policy on how medical marijuana can be used and create guidelines on how to enforce this policy.
Even the transparency achieved from simple standards for testing and labeling CBD and medical marijuana products could help consumers make more educated decisions.
That day is a long way off, but the more aware we are of this issue, the more pressure we can put on the government to ease research restrictions and move in the right direction from there.
This means that patients that benefit from tested and effective CBD products should tell their stories to Congress and other policymakers. This means that the health policy world needs to lobby for sensible laws and regulations before the ad hoc state-by-state system becomes too cumbersome.
True CBD products could potentially ease the lives of many individuals and pets in pain. The veterinarian and physician establishments should put their lobbying resources into pushing for rigorous research. Let’s all work together to ensure that individuals and pets are getting the right products to improve their lives.
Have you ever noticed that some people seem to be aging faster than others?
Scientists are learning that we may actually be able to slow the aging process by changing some of our unhealthy habits.
To find out what might be contributing to faster aging, take our quick quiz:
Scientists who study aging have found there are many things that can speed your aging:
Stress and anxiety are normal parts of life and usually aren’t a problem until they become everyday events. Stress raises many hormones, including cortisol, which can impact the way we look and how fast we age.1 In a recent study, women with a high level of anxiety had biological markers of women who were six years older.2
When you look at the faces of people who are long-term smokers, you can see that smoking destroys their skin. Smoking is associated with many chronic diseases, including heart disease and stroke, as well as lung and other cancers.3
Too Much Sun Exposure
While the sun is good for us in small amounts as a great source for vitamin D production in our bodies, ultraviolet radiation is also well known to age skin prematurely.4
Short-term sleep deprivation (such as having a bad night’s sleep) has a variety of adverse effects, including raising blood pressure, impairing blood sugar control, and increasing inflammation, which all can accelerate aging. But when people don’t sleep well over a long period of time (less than 7 hours of sleep) they are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and an increase in all-cause mortality.5
Many foods may even accelerate aging, including trans fats and processed and hydrogenated oils.6Refined sugars produce a chemical reaction called advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in our bodies and these have been tied to serious health conditions.7
Obesity has been called a state of chronic inflammation and oxidative stress8 and is associated with a variety of diseases, including diabetes, colon cancer, gallstones, hypertension, heart disease, and stroke.9,10
Sedentary lifestyles have long been associated with being less healthy. People who don’t exercise are more likely to be overweight, have higher risk for diabetes, heart disease, and even certain cancers.11
1 Wikgren M, Maripuu M, Karlsson T, et al. Short telomeres in depression and the general population are associated with a hypocortisolemic state. Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Feb 15;71(4):294-300. PMID: 22055018.
2 Okereke OI, Prescott J, Wong JY et al. High phobic anxiety is related to lower leukocyte telomere length in women. PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e40516. PubMed PMID: 22808180.
4 Polefka TG, Meyer TA, Agin PP, Bianchini RJ. Effects of solar radiation on the skin. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2012 Jun;11(2):134-43. PMID: 22672278.
5 Alvarez GG, Ayas NT. The impact of daily sleep duration on health: a review of the literature. Prog Cardiovasc Nurs. 2004 Spring;19(2):56-9. PMID: 15133379.
6 Stender S, Dyerberg J. Influence of trans fatty acids on health. Ann Nutr Metab. 2004;48(2):61-6. Epub 2003 Dec 16. PMID: 14679314.
7 Luevano-Contreras C, Chapman-Novakofski K. Dietary advanced glycation end products and aging. Nutrients. 2010 Dec;2(12):1247-65. doi: 10.3390/nu2121247. Epub 2010 Dec 13. PMID: 22254007.
8 Vincent HK, Innes KE, Vincent KR. Oxidative stress and potential interventions to reduce oxidative stress in overweight and obesity. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2007 Nov;9(6):813-39. PMID: 17924865.
9 Hubert HB, Bloch DA, Oehlert JW, Fries JF. Lifestyle habits and compression of morbidity. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2002 Jun;57(6):M347-51. PMID: 12023263.
10 Field AE, Coakley EH, Must A, et al. Impact of overweight on the risk of developing common chronic diseases during a 10-year period. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Jul 9;161(13):1581-6. PMID:11434789.
11 Kruk J. Physical activity in the prevention of the most frequent chronic diseases: an analysis of the recent evidence. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2007 Jul-Sep;8(3):325-38. PMID: 18159963.
Cosmetic plastic surgery has become very popular among Baby Boomers.
Baby Boomers are those born between 1946 and 1964. The Babyboomers have had a profound effect on cosmetic and plastic surgery:
- 7,000 members Baby Boomer generation turned 65 each day of 2011 – This statistic jump to 10,000 every day over the next 18 years according to Pew Research.
- Baby Boomers age 51-64 account for 28% of cosmetic plastic surgery procedures
- People over 65 account for 7.3% of total plastic surgery procedures
- Babyboomers are 35% of cosmetic plastic surgery patients
- The rate of male Boomers age 50-64 who color their hair grew from 3-10% from 1999 to 2000
- 2,437,165 Botox procedures were performed in 2010 – among all age groups
- Non-invasive cosmetic surgery procedures are growing among men, accounting for 15% of injected cosmetic surgery market and 26% of skin rejuvenation market.
Cosmetic plastic surgeons can capitalize on this Baby Boom Generation demographic by:
- Making brochures and other marketing material easier to read, using bigger fonts
- By offering a caring and nurturing environment
- Respecting patients’ time by keeping wait time to a minimum
- Offer programs for Baby boomer men, who are becoming more interested in plastic surgery
- Focus on health and vitality because Babyboomers actually feel 9 years younger than their true age
For cosmetic plastic surgery surgeons with practices targeting the Baby Boomer generation in their marketing plan, television advertising, internet search advertising and social media advertising are important because Baby Boomers watch more television and are the fastest growing internet and social media users.
Here is more information about finding a cosmetic plastic surgery surgeon in Jacksonville, Fl.
I had the pleasure of sitting in a meeting today with one of my clients. She was doing a presentation to a group of people in the area of her specialty. What she does is unimportant, but what I saw in her inspired me to write this article and challenge we Boomers looking to grow our businesses to keep it simple.
Keeping it simple means:
- Don’t over think things. I remember hearing about Occam’s razor. This is a scientific principle that indicates that, “when faced with competing hypotheses that are equal in other respects, selecting the one that makes the fewest new assumptions.” In other words the easiest answer is most often the best answer.
- Find a niche and master it. Being an expert in your chosen niche makes you more valuable to your clients/customers than if you are simply good at a lot of things. Most people can be good, but only experts are sought after.
- Learn the honestly care for your customers/clients. When you have an honest concern for those who buy your products and services, you will treat them with the utmost respect and they will make you their sole supplier!
There you have it! Boomer business success, by just keeping it simple!
Many in the baby boom generation are finding
themselves in a position they never expected
to be in at retirement age: still working or in need of a job.
For babyboomers, the laundry list of reasons just keeps growing.
Already battered nest eggs took another beating this month with the market's wild swings. With interest rates essentially at zero since 2008, income from Treasurys and certificates of deposit is pretty paltry. On top of that, housing prices are still in the doldrums, leaving homeowners with much less equity to tap.